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Russia deploys hypersonic missiles to Baltic enclave

A MiG-31 fighter jet from the Russian air force lands at the Chkalovsk air base in the Kaliningrad region (Russian Defence Ministry Press Service photo via AP)
A MiG-31 fighter jet from the Russian air force lands at the Chkalovsk air base in the Kaliningrad region (Russian Defence Ministry Press Service photo via AP)

The Russian military said on Thursday it had deployed warplanes armed with state-of-the-art hypersonic missiles to the country’s Kaliningrad region, a move that comes amid soaring tensions with the West over Moscow’s actions in Ukraine.

Russia’s defence ministry said three MiG-31 fighters with Kinzhal hypersonic missiles arrived at the Chkalovsk airbase in the Baltic Sea enclave as part of “additional measures of strategic deterrence”.

The ministry said the warplanes would be put on round-the-clock alert.

Three MiG-31 fighter jets at the Chkalovsk air base in the Kaliningrad region
MiG-31 fighter jets at the Chkalovsk air base in the Kaliningrad region (Russian Defence Ministry Press Service photo via AP)

A video released by the defence ministry showed the fighters arriving at the base but not carrying the missiles, which were apparently delivered separately.

Finland’s defence ministry said on Thursday that two Russian MiG-31 fighter jets were suspected of having violated Finnish airspace in the Gulf of Finland off the southern town of Porvoo, west of Helsinki. The Nordic country’s border guard started a preliminary investigation into the incident.

The deployment of Kinzhal missiles to Kaliningrad as Russia’s campaign in Ukraine nears the sixth-month mark appeared intended to showcase the Russian military’s capability to threaten Nato assets. The region borders Nato members Poland and Lithuania.

Moscow has strongly criticised the deliveries of western weapons to Ukraine, accusing the US and its allies of fuelling the conflict.

The Russian military says the Kinzhal has a range of up to 2,000km (about 1,250 miles) and flies at 10 times the speed of sound, making it hard to intercept. Russia has used the weapon to strike several targets in Ukraine.

Kaliningrad’s location has put it in the forefront of Moscow’s efforts to counter what it described as Nato’s hostile policies. The Kremlin has methodically bolstered its military forces there, arming them with state-of-the-art weapons, including precision-guided Iskander missiles and an array of air defence systems.

“The events in Ukraine demonstrated that a clash with the collective West is a real possibility,” Russian foreign ministry spokesman Ivan Nechayev said on Thursday, while emphasising that a “direct confrontation with the US and Nato isn’t in our interests”.

Speaking at a briefing, Mr Nechayev said “Russia as a nuclear power will continue to act with maximum responsibility” and “the Russian military doctrine envisages a nuclear response only in retaliation to an aggression involving weapons of mass destruction or in a situation when the very existence of the state comes under threat”.

The Russian military is equipped with conventional weapons that “allow it to fully implement the goals set by the Russian president”, he added.

“We proceed from the assumption that the US and Nato are aware where their aggressive anti-Russian rhetoric with an emphasis on a possible use of nuclear weapons can lead to,” Mr Nechayev added.

He said Russia believed that “a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought”, a view reaffirmed by five nuclear powers earlier this year.