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In pictures: Oil wrestlers seek glory in Turkey’s centuries-old contest

A wrestler cools off as he competes during the 661st annual Historic Kirkpinar Oil Wrestling championship (Francisco Seco/AP)
A wrestler cools off as he competes during the 661st annual Historic Kirkpinar Oil Wrestling championship (Francisco Seco/AP)

It took nearly an hour of grappling with his opponent under the blazing Turkish sun for Cengizhan Simsek to win the tournament and join a long list of previous victors.

A very long list — this was the 661st Kirkpinar oil wrestling championship, taking place in western Edirne province.

Wrestlers compete during the 661st annual Historic Kirkpinar Oil Wrestling championship, in Edirne, northwestern Turkey
Wrestlers compete during the 661st annual Historic Kirkpinar Oil Wrestling championship, in Edirne, northwestern Turkey (Francisco Seco/AP)

In the festival, which is on Unesco’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, wrestlers cover themselves in olive oil, making it more difficult for opponents to grab each other.

The winner is the wrestler who makes his opponent’s back touch the ground — or his “belly face the sky”.

Wrestlers compete
(Francisco Seco/AP)
A wrestler is doused in oil by an ‘oiler’
A wrestler is doused in oil by an ‘oiler’ (Francisco Seco/AP)

With the cheers of thousands of spectators and the tunes of drums and zurna flutes ringing in his ears, 26-year-old Simsek, from the Mediterranean province of Antalya, was presented with the golden belt by sports minister Mehmet Kasapoglu.

“God granted me this. I thank God. I put the belt around my neck and fulfilled my dream,” Simsek said.

An injured wrestler is taken out on a stretcher
An injured wrestler is taken out on a stretcher (Francisco Seco/AP)
A wrestler celebrates
A wrestler celebrates (Francisco Seco/AP)

This year, more than 2,475 pehlivans – or wrestlers – registered for the event, the highest number ever, according to the official Anadolu news agency.

An exhausted wrestler lies on the ground after competing
An exhausted wrestler lies on the ground after competing (Francisco Seco/AP)

There were moments of joy, but also of tension. At one point, riot police were called in to secure the arena after wrestlers confronted judges under the scorching sun.

The festival reportedly started in the 1360s when legend says the second Ottoman sultan, Sultan Orhan, wanted to keep his soldiers fit and ready for battle. But oil wrestling has been practiced across the region for thousands of years.

Wrestlers compete
Wrestlers compete (Francisco Seco/AP)

The wrestlers are chosen among men who demonstrate moral character and must be invited by the Kirkpinar master. The invitation is delivered by sending a red-based candle to the nominated pehlivans at the beginning of March.

A young amateur wrestler is helped to recover
A young amateur wrestler is helped to recover (Francisco Seco/AP)

The wrestlers, wearing leather trousers called “kispet”, are covered in oil poured from a copper jug before the wrestling begins, and they engage in a highly ritualised procession to begin their bout. In the early stages of the tournament, dozens of wrestlers fight on a large grass arena.

The winner earns the title of “Baspehlivan” – or head wrestler. Simsek was crowned for the first time after defeating a clutch of established favourites.

Band members play traditional music
Band members play traditional music (Francisco Seco/AP)