Long-haul carrier Emirates has successfully flown a Boeing 777 with one engine entirely powered by so-called sustainable aviation fuel.
The test flight comes as carriers worldwide are trying to lessen their carbon footprint.
Flight EK2646 flew for just under an hour over the coastline off the United Arab Emirates, after taking off from Dubai International Airport, the world’s busiest for international travel, before circling back to land.
The fuel powered one of the Boeing’s two General Electric engines, with the other running on conventional jet fuel for safety.
“This flight is a milestone moment for Emirates and a positive step for our industry as we work collectively to address one of our biggest challenges — reducing our carbon footprint,” Adel al-Redha, Emirates’ chief operation officer, said in a statement.
Emirates, a state-owned airline under Dubai’s ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, described the sustainable fuel as a blend “that mirrored the qualities of jet fuel”. It included fuel from Neste, a Finnish firm, and Virent, a Wisconsin-based company.
Virent describes itself as using plant-based sugars to make the compounds needed for sustainable jet fuel while Neste’s fuel comes from vegetable oils and animal fats. Those fuels reduce the release of heat-trapping carbon dioxide typically burned off by engines in flight.
Aviation releases only one-sixth the amount of carbon dioxide produced by cars and trucks, according to World Resources Institute, a non-profit research group based in Washington. However, planes are used by far fewer people per day — meaning aviation is a higher per-capita source of greenhouse gas emissions.
Plane and engine manufacturers have been designing more efficient models, in part to help keep down costs of jet fuel — one of the biggest expenses airlines face. Emirates, for instance, used over 5.7 tons of jet fuel last year alone, costing it 3.7 billion dollars out of its 17 billion dollars in annual expenses.
But analysts suggest sustainable fuels can be three times or more the cost of jet fuel, likely putting ticket prices even higher as aviation restarts following the lockdowns during the coronavirus pandemic.
It was not immediately clear how much the fuel used in the Emirates’ test on Monday cost per barrel. Jet fuel cost on average 146 dollars a barrel at the end of last week, according to S&P Global Platts.
The UAE, a major oil producer and Opec member, is to host the next United Nations climate negotiations, or Cop28, beginning in November.
Already, the seven sheikhdom federation has come under fire from activists for nominating the CEO of Abu Dhabi’s state oil company to lead the UN negotiations known as the Conference of the Parties — where Cop gets its name.
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